A distribuição Open Source mantida pela Novell + Comunidade, o Opensuse anunciou recentemente o lançamento da versão 12.1. O OpenSuse é uma versão grátis para quem deseja conhecer este sistema operacional e em seguida aventurar-se pelo mundo Suse Enterprise.
Um dos pontos mais fortes desse release é um update de 800 pacotes em relação sua versão anterior. Muito foi feito e abaixo detalharemos mais sobre as notas de anúncio:
Milestone 1, the first step towards the upcoming openSUSE 12.1 release, is now available. It is the first milestone, hence far from stable, but the images are now finally building, so we have a good starting point for further development.
Many updates, systemd still optional
With over 800 updates, including minor and major updates, the current milestone is ready for some serious testing. This iteration already sees some major upgrades taking place, with the kernel moving on to 2.6.39 and GNOME to 3.0. In addition we have popular GNOME applications like Evolution, Eye of GNOME and others all synchronized, and KDE’s Plasma Desktop coming along nicely with a minor version upgrade to 4.6.3. You will also find upgrades to GCC, glibc, Perl, Python, and the RPM package manager. Much work has also been put into the much-lauded systemd which has now been upgraded to version 26.
You can read some info on the progress in this recent blog on progress in Factory by Andreas Jaeger.
Helping out easier than ever!
As expected from a development release, there is still a lot of work to do, so your input at this early stage will be a huge help in making the final release into the beautifully polished work that we aim for. openSUSE 12.1 Milestone 1 has a list of most annoying bugs here, please add issues you find and help fix them. As Will Stephenson recently blogged, fixing an issue is a matter of BURPing on build.opensuse.org! Find a how-to here.
So run, don’t crawl, to your nearest downloader and see for yourself what the next version of openSUSE has in store for you at our download center.
A lot of things are happening in our Factory distribution that will be released in November 2011 as openSUSE 12.1 and I’d like to point out a few things from the last few weeks that users and developers of factory shouldn’t miss.
Roadmap openSUSE 12.1
Stephan “Coolo” Kulow has updated the openSUSE 12.1 Roadmap, the next milestone is Milestone 1 which is delayed and targeted now for release on Tuesday, 30th May. The next paragraphs highlight some of the updates for this versions.
The GNU Compiler Collection has been updated to version 4.6, the list of changes includes the following new warning that will be visible while compiling packages for openSUSE Factory:
-Wunused-but-set-parameter warnings were added for C, C++, Objective-C and Objective-C++. These warnings diagnose variables respective parameters which are only set in the code and never otherwise used. Usually such variables are useless and often even the value assigned to them is computed needlessly, sometimes expensively. The
-Wunused-but-set-variable warning is enabled by default by
-Wall flag and
-Wall -Wextra flags.”
Some packages have been failing by the new GCC due to new warnings and new optimizations and most have been fixed already but please double check that your packages are building and running fine.
Michael Schröder announced RPM 4.9 for Factory. He explains the main packager visible changes as:
“Besides some bug fixes and an update to a newer BerkeleyDB
library rpm-4.9.0 contains plugin architecture for dependency
generation. In older rpms, the internal dependency generator
was pretty much hardcoded in C, so we always used the old
external one to generate dependencies. With rpm-4.9.0, the
internal generator has become flexible enough so that we
can use it.
This means for you, that rpm will no longer use the %__find_provides and %__find_requires macros. Some packages redefined those macros to be able to filter the generated dependencies.
This will no longer work in rpm-4.9.0. Instead, support for
dependency filtering was added to rpm…”
GNOME 3 has now hit Factory as well and Vincent Untz explained how to fix failures due to the large push.
Linux Kernel 2.6.39
This update was a “boring” update – nothing broke AFAIK , so I hope it’s a solid version. Users will benefit from the new features in it. 2.6.39 is the first kernel without the Big Kernel Lock at all!
Besides new software, also new ways of handling it get introduced. The following catched my eyes:
Ludwig Nussel updated rpmlint to version 1.2 and explained the new warnings about packaging of rpm packages – and what to do about them.
Changing the process of Factory submissions with the Open Build Service
Now with every submission to Factory scripts are run automatically that do two different reviews before the package goes to human check-in review:
- The “legal-auto” review checks the updated package for changes in licenses.
- The “factory-auto” review checks that the updated package builds actually in the devel project – and if not, rejects it.
The “legal-auto” review has quite a long backlog at the moment and Jürgen is working on moving some of the checks to rpmlint or osc checks – so that the packager notices and fixes them before submission to Factory.
Also, you can now submit packages to Factory even if you are not the maintainer of the package but in this case the maintainer (packager) gets a review request to review that the package really can go to factory and thus a plea to packagers to handle their review requests.
The openSUSE Conference is this year co-located with the SUSE Labs conference. Join us to present and discuss also Factory related topics. The Call for papers is open now!
I’m interested on feedback on this article – should I start a series?
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Para baixar o OpenSuse você pode acessar por meio de:
Download (mirrors): openSUSE-KDE-LiveCD-Build0032-i686.iso (695MB, MD5, torrent), openSUSE-GNOME-LiveCD-Build0032-i686.iso (695MB, MD5, torrent), openSUSE-KDE-LiveCD-Build0032-x86_64.iso (687MB, MD5, torrent), openSUSE-GNOME-LiveCD-Build0032-x86_64.iso (693MB, MD5, torrent).